The Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 denied most forms of public assistance to most legal immigrants for five years or until they attain citizenship. The new law placed a higher urgency on completing the naturalization process for many of the elderly immigrants Project SHINE serves. SHINE engaged this legislation head on by emphasizing citizenship in its tutoring programs.
At San Francisco State University, SHINE faculty developed a Learner's Lives as Curriculum framework to create thematic units integrating civic concepts into SHINE tutors' lessons . Learners need these concepts to understand and complete the naturalization process. First Amendment Plus provides an overview of the Learner's Lives as Curriculum framework and the process that led to the creation of citizenship thematic units.
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